What is Brain Surgery?
It is a medical specialty that focuses on the surgical treatment of anomalies and diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system, including the brain, spinal cord and nerves. Neurosurgeons are highly trained and skilled surgeons who use a variety of techniques and technologies to diagnose and treat a wide variety of neurological conditions.
What is a Neurosurgeon?
Neurosurgery is a highly specialized field that requires extensive education and training. After medical school, neurosurgeons must complete a seven-year neurosurgery residency program in which they receive extensive training in the diagnosis and treatment of neurological conditions.
Neurosurgery is a very challenging field that requires a high level of skill, knowledge and expertise. Neurosurgeons must be able to work under pressure, make quick and accurate decisions, and manage a wide variety of complex cases. However, the reward for their hard work is the opportunity to make a positive difference in their patients' lives by relieving pain and improving their quality of life.
What are the Duties and Responsibilities of Neurosurgeons?
One of the primary goals of neurosurgery is to relieve pain, improve function, and improve quality of life for patients suffering from neurological conditions. Neurosurgeons often work closely with a team of other healthcare professionals, including neurologists, radiologists, and anesthesiologists, to provide comprehensive care for their patients.
Listed below are some common conditions neurosurgeons treat:
- * Brain tumors
- * Aneurysms
- * Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs)
- * Hydrocephalus
- * Spina bifida
- * Traumatic brain injuries
- * Spinal cord injuries
- * Spinal cord deformities
- * Epilepsy
- * Parkinson's disease
- * Multiple sclerosis
What Types of Techniques Are There in Neurosurgery?
There are several different techniques and approaches that neurosurgeons use to treat these conditions. Some of the most common techniques are:
- Open Surgery: It is a surgical method that involves making an incision in the skin to access the affected area of the nervous system. This method of surgery is often used for larger or more complex procedures, such as removing a brain tumor or repairing a damaged spinal cord
- Endoscopic Surgery: It is a surgical method involving the use of special instruments, including a tiny camera inserted through natural openings in the body such as the nose or mouth, or through small cuts. Endoscopic surgery is less invasive than open surgery and can provide a faster recovery time.
- Minimally Invasive Surgery: This involves using small cuts or natural openings in the body and special instruments to access and treat the affected area of the nervous system. Minimally invasive surgery is less invasive than open surgery and may result in a shorter recovery time.
- Stereotactic Surgery: A surgical method that involves using special imaging techniques, such as CT scans or MRIs, to guide the surgeon to the precise location in the brain or spinal cord that needs to be treated. Stereotactic surgery is often used to treat brain tumors or other abnormalities in hard-to-reach areas of the brain.
Neurosurgeons use a variety of technological and/or special tools to perform these procedures, including scalpels, drills, saws, and special tools. They may also use special imaging techniques such as CT scans, MRIs, and angiograms to guide their surgery and monitor the progress of the procedure.
Op. Dr. Eyup GENC